Please see the PhD Fees and funding page for further information on fees for international students. You should also bear in mind that it is currently estimated that a single student requires at least £15,000 per year to cover accommodation and personal maintenance expenses while studying in London. There is further information on funding options for international students. Information on bench fees associated with your project can be obtained by contacting the Graduate School ( researchdegrees@ ).
There were similar developments in many other continental European universities, and at least until reforms in the early 21st century many European countries (. Belgium, Spain, and the Scandinavian countries) had in all faculties triple degree structures of bachelor (or candidate) − licentiate − doctor as opposed to bachelor − master − doctor; the meaning of the different degrees varied a lot from country to country however. To this day this is also still the case for the pontifical degrees in theology and canon law: for instance, in Sacred theology the degrees are Bachelor of Sacred Theology (STB), Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL), and Doctor of Sacred Theology (STD), and in Canon law : Bachelor of Canon Law (JCB), Licentiate of Canon Law (JCL), and Doctor of Canon Law (JCD).