About 1640, the puritan revolution started which lasted for about twenty years leading to the fall of King Charles I. the two decades of political strife left the colonies in America unmonitored by the imperial masters of England. Thus, the seven colonies in New England governed themselves establishing their own institutions. They had three core principles, which won support among the American settlers that are, people can make their own constitution in order to govern themselves; the people have a self-right to government through representative institutions and the church state relations can tremendously be improved by practicing religious toleration. As well, during the reign of George II, the royalists relaxed their stance on their supervision of America’s internal affairs but in turn shifted focus to encouraging growth in rice, tobacco, and sugar. The American representative institutions thus seized the opportunity to create and increase their own powers. They had the power to command the militia, approve land issues, appoint judges, and recommend members of the upper legislature(Appleby, 2001).
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As these and many similar examples illustrate, Americans who had grown accustomed to decades of “salutary neglect” deeply resented the post-war efforts of the British government to impose taxes—especially when those taxes were raised for the express purpose of maintaining 10,000 British troops in the colonies. As much as historians delight in tracing the influence of political philosophers, such as John Locke, on American thinking, there can be little doubt that no sophisticated ideological foundation was needed to motivate many Americans to evade British laws and even to resist their enforcement with violence.