Particular features of general scientific concepts. The particulars of the subject and methods of linguistics and the intersection in linguistics of features of the social, deductive, and natural sciences account for the distinctive nature of such concepts as laws, rules, types, evolution, determinism, and proof. Two concepts of the linguistic law, or rule, may be distinguished, depending on whether the concept is formed relative to language as a whole or to individual languages. The first type of linguistic law, which concerns language in general, states general principles of sign systems that are constant over time and general principles of semantics, syntax, and phonetics, which are usually termed universals. These laws serve as givens in the formulation of various theories and models (particularly those that are formalized) by means of which language is studied. A law, therefore, is any universal, most often one that is dynamic or historical, such as the laws of the establishment of phonemes, of the transformation of phonological systems, of stress shift, and of transformations of meanings. General laws, including those that are formalized, permit verification and refutation by means of experimental data obtained from observation of specific languages. An empirical selection of examples is insufficient, however, for proof of a general proposition; a corresponding well-constructed theory is essential.
English Language and Inter-Continental Studies
International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research is an international peer-reviewed journal published in March, June, September and December by the European Centre for Research, Training and Development (ECRTD), UK. IJELLR welcomes research papers in Origins of language, Signs & Symbols , Child’s Acquisition of Language, Language Change and History, including Etymology, Word Structure, Sentence Structure, The Notion of Correctness, The Sounds of Language, Transcriptions, Spoken & Written Modes, Discourse Analysis and Unscripted Conversation, Scripted Interview, Prompted Speech, Dialects, Register and Appropriateness, Tenor and Domain, Identifying an unknown text , Specific Domains, Literature & Figurative Language, TV and Radio, Newspapers, Advertising, Propaganda, Rhetoric, Plain English & Gobbledygook, Editing and writing in style, Sexism and Genderlect, Political Correctness, Racism, Research Linguistics: Computational Linguistics, Comparative Linguistics, Contrastive Linguistics, Corpus Linguistics, Dialectology, Discourse Analysis, Etymology, Forensic Linguistics, Grammar, Historical linguistics, Inter-linguistics, Language Didactics, Language learning, Language teaching, Language for Specific Purposes, Lexicology, Linguistic Statistics, Linguistic Typology, Morphology, Neurolinguistics, Orthography, Phonetics, Phonology, Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics, Rhetoric, Semantics, Sociolinguistics, Stylistics, Text Linguistics and other related areas. Global Journals of Politics and Law Research is published in both online and printed versions.
Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Qian Zhang
Associate Editor(s): Dr. Edith Martins, Dr. Ameera Mohammad Alhammouri, Dr. Micheal Johnson, Dr. Christina Sillva